LINUM perenne (Blue Flax) is a perennial flowering plant native to Europe and Western Asia. Blue Flax is a perennial plant, meaning it lives for multiple years. It belongs to the Linaceae family.
This plant forms clumps of slender, wiry stems with narrow, lance-shaped leaves. The stems can reach a height of about 1 to 2 feet (30 to 60 cm). At the top of each stem, delicate, saucer-shaped flowers are produced. The flowers have five blue petals and a yellow center, giving the plant its common name "Blue Flax."
The flower typically blooms in late spring to early summer, generally between May and July. The blooming period may vary depending on the local climate and growing conditions. Blue Flax is attractive to pollinators, particularly bees and butterflies, as it provides a nectar source. It supports biodiversity and plays a role in supporting native ecosystems.
Blue Flax thrives in full sun and well-draining soil. It is adaptable to various soil types, including sandy or loamy soils. Blue Flax is known for its tolerance to poor, dry, or rocky soils, making it suitable for xeriscaping or dry gardening practices. It is relatively low-maintenance and does not require frequent watering. It is drought-tolerant once the root system is established.
Blue Flax is popular for wildflower gardens, meadows, and naturalized areas. Its delicate blue flowers add a touch of color and grace to garden landscapes. Blue Flax is also suitable for cut flower arrangements, as the flowers can be harvested and enjoyed indoors.
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Scientific Name: Linum Perenne
Common Name: Blue Flax
Plant Type: Perennial
Native Range: Native to Europe, primarily in the Alps, and locally in England.
Height: 12-24 "
Spread: 12-24 "
Zone: USDA Hardiness Zone 5-9
Exposure: Full Sun
Blooming Season: May to June
Habitats: Calcareous grassland, Prairies to alpine ridges
Attracts: Small Bees, Butterflies, Flower flies
Flower Color: Blue
Water Requirement: 6 to 8 inches of water over the growing season
Tolerate: Drought, Dry soil, Shallow, Rocky
Soil Type: Usually well-drained soil
Soil pH: Mildly acidic 6.1 to 6.5
Uses: Oil of seeds is used in medicines to soothe tonsillitis, sore throats, coughs, colds, constipation, gravel and stones