HELENIUM amarum (Dwarf Helenium) is a perennial flowering plant that belongs to the Asteraceae family.
Helenium amarum is a compact perennial that typically grows to a height of 12 to 18 inches (30 to 45 cm) and spreads about 12 inches (30 cm) wide. It has slender stems and narrow, lance-shaped leaves. The plant forms dense clumps and produces multiple flower stems.
The flowers of Helenium amarum are the main attraction. They are daisy-like with prominent central discs and ray florets surrounding them. The flowers are typically yellow, although some cultivars may have shades of orange or bronze. The petals are often reflexed, creating an eye-catching display.
Dwarf Helenium typically blooms from mid-summer to early fall, providing a burst of color in the garden during that time. The flowering period can vary depending on the specific growing conditions and climate. The vibrant flowers of Dwarf Helenium are attractive to butterflies and bees, making it a valuable plant for pollinator-friendly gardens. The nectar-rich blooms provide a food source for these beneficial insects.
Helenium amarum thrives in full sun and well-drained soil. It prefers soil that is fertile and moderately moist. It is relatively adaptable to different soil types, including sandy or loamy soils. Dwarf Helenium is generally tolerant of dry conditions once established, but regular watering during dry spells can help maintain its vigor.
Helenium amarum is generally low-maintenance. Deadheading spent flowers can help promote prolonged blooming and prevent self-seeding. However, allowing some seed heads to mature can support the natural reseeding of the plant and create a self-sustaining population. The plant may benefit from dividing every few years to maintain its vigor and prevent overcrowding.
Dwarf Helenium (Helenium amarum) is a charming perennial plant that adds vibrant color and attracts pollinators to gardens and landscapes. With its showy flowers and compact habit, it is suitable for small gardens or as a border plant. Its extended blooming period and ability to tolerate dry conditions make it a valuable addition to garden designs.
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Scientific Name: Helenium Amarum
Common Name: Dwarf Helenium, Bitter weed, Sneezeweed
Plant Type: Annuals
Native Range: United States
Full Growth Height: 8-12"
Spread: 10-24 "
Zones: 3 to 10
Exposure: Full Sun, Partial Sun
Blooming Season: Spring (Mid, Late), Summer (Early, Mid, Late), Fall
Attracts: Butterflies, Birds, Insects
Flower Color: Purple, Pink
Tolerate: Deer, Drought
Water Requirement: Low, Average
Soil Type: Well-Drained, Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH: Alkaline, Neutral, Acid
Gardening Uses: Informal and Cottage Gardens, Beds and Borders, Prairies and Meadows