EUPATORIUM perfoliatum (Boneset) is a perennial herbaceous plant native to North America. It belongs to the Asteraceae family and is known for its medicinal properties and historical use in traditional medicine.
Boneset typically grows to a height of 3 to 6 feet (0.9 to 1.8 meters). It has erect stems with opposite leaves that appear to be joined at the base, giving the impression of the stem piercing through the leaf. The leaves are lance-shaped and have toothed edges. The plant produces clusters of small, white flowers that form a flat-topped inflorescence.
Boneset is commonly found in wetland areas, such as swamps, marshes, and damp meadows. It prefers moist and fertile soils but can tolerate a range of soil conditions. It grows best in full to partial sun.
While primarily valued for its medicinal properties, Boneset can also be cultivated as an ornamental plant in gardens that have moist or wet soil conditions. Its tall and showy flower clusters can add interest to wetland gardens or naturalistic landscapes. However, due to its aggressive growth habit, it may require some containment to prevent it from spreading beyond desired areas.
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Scientific Name: Eupatorium Perfoliatum
Common Name: Boneset
Plant Type: Perennials
Native Range: Eastern and Southern North America
Full Growth Height: 3-4 ft
Spread: 3-4 ft
Zone: 3 to 8
Exposure: Full Sun, Partial Sun
Blooming Season: Summer (Early, Mid, Late), Fall
Attracts: Butterflies, Birds
Flower: Showy, Cut Flower, Fragrant
Flower Color: White
Resistant: Clay Soil, Deer, Wet Soil
Water Requirement: Average, High
Soil Type: Well-drained, Loam, Sand, Chalk, Clay, Moist
Soil pH: Alkaline, Neutral, Acid
Garden Uses: Beds and Borders, Ponds and Streams, Naturalized Areas