ERYNGIUM yuccifolium (Rattlesnake Master) is a perennial flowering plant that belongs to the Apiaceae family. It is native to the central and eastern regions of North America.
Appearance: Rattlesnake Master typically grows to a height of 2 to 5 feet (60 to 150 centimeters). It has stiff, upright stems and basal leaves that are long, narrow, and resemble those of a yucca plant, hence its specific epithet "yuccifolium." The leaves are bluish-green in color and have sharp, toothed edges. The flowers are unique and intricate, with round, spiky, globe-shaped heads that are pale green or white. The flower heads resemble thistle flowers but are not prickly.
Blooming period: This species usually blooms from mid-summer to early fall, typically from July to September. The flowers are attractive to pollinators, including bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects.
Habitat and cultivation: Rattlesnake Master is adapted to well-drained soils and can tolerate a variety of soil types, including clay and sandy soils. It prefers full sun but can tolerate partial shade. It is commonly found in prairies, meadows, and open woodlands. In cultivation, it is suitable for wildflower gardens, native plant gardens, and prairie restorations. It is a drought-tolerant plant.
Garden and landscape use: Rattlesnake Master is valued for its unique and architectural appearance, making it a popular choice for adding texture and visual interest to garden landscapes. It can be used in mixed borders, prairie-style plantings, and naturalized areas. The flower heads also make intriguing additions to cut flower arrangements and dried flower displays.
Medicinal and herbal uses: Rattlesnake Master has a history of traditional medicinal use by Native American tribes. Its roots were used for various purposes, including treating snake bites and other ailments. However, it's important to note that the scientific evidence regarding its medicinal properties and uses is limited. It is best to consult with a healthcare professional or herbalist for accurate information regarding the medicinal properties and uses of specific plants.
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Scientific Name: Eryngium Yuccifolium
Common Name: Rattlesnake Master
Plant Type: Perennials
Family: Eryngium-Sea Hollies
Native Range: United States
Full Growth Height: 4-5 ft
Spread: 2-3 ft
Zone: 3 to 8
Exposure: Full Sun
Blooming Season: Summer (Mid, Late), Fall
Flower: Showy, Cut Flower, Evergreen
Flower Color: Greenish White
Resistant: Drought, Deer, Rabbit, Dry Soil
Water Requirement: Low
Soil Type: Well-drained, Loam, Sand
Soil pH: Alkaline, Neutral, Acid
Garden Uses: Beds and Borders, Coastal Gardens, Gravel and Rock Gardens