Cornus sanguinea (Bloodtwig Dogwood) is a deciduous shrub native to Europe and parts of Asia. It is valued for its vibrant stem color and attractive foliage. Here is some information about Cornus sanguinea:
Appearance: Bloodtwig Dogwood is a medium-sized shrub that typically grows to a height of 1.5 to 3 meters (5 to 10 feet) with a similar spread. It has a multi-stemmed, upright habit with arching branches. The branches of this cultivar display striking colors, ranging from bright red to purple-red, particularly during the winter months. The leaves are elliptical or ovate with a green color that turns reddish-purple in the fall.
Winter Interest: The main ornamental feature of Bloodtwig Dogwood is its vibrant stem color, which is most pronounced in winter. The red stems provide a stunning contrast against the winter landscape, adding visual interest and making it a popular choice for winter gardens.
Flowers and Fruit: Bloodtwig Dogwood produces clusters of small, creamy white flowers in late spring to early summer. While the flowers themselves are not highly ornamental, they give way to small, berry-like fruits that are bluish-black in color. The fruits are attractive to birds and can add wildlife value to the shrub.
Sun and Soil Requirements: Bloodtwig Dogwood prefers full sun to partial shade. It is adaptable to various soil types, including well-drained soils, clay soils, and moist soils. It can tolerate a wide range of soil pH levels but generally prefers slightly acidic to neutral soil conditions.
Pruning: Pruning is typically done in early spring to maintain the overall shape and promote the growth of new, colorful stems. Regular pruning can help rejuvenate the shrub and enhance the intensity of the stem color. It is recommended to remove older, less vibrant stems.
Landscape Use: Bloodtwig Dogwood is commonly used in landscapes and gardens for its winter interest. It can be planted as a specimen plant, in mixed borders, or as part of a naturalistic planting scheme. It can also be used for erosion control on slopes or in wetland areas.
Overall, Cornus sanguinea (Bloodtwig Dogwood) is a popular shrub valued for its vibrant stem color, particularly during the winter months. It can add visual interest and provide a dramatic touch to the landscape.