Amelanchier alnifolia c.s. (Saskatoon Serviceberry) is a deciduous tree or large shrub species in the Rosaceae family. It is native to North America, particularly the western regions of Canada and the United States. The Saskatoon Serviceberry is valued for its ornamental qualities, edible berries, and ecological benefits.
The Saskatoon Serviceberry typically grows to a height of 10 to 20 feet (3 to 6 meters) and has a rounded or upright form. It features oval-shaped leaves that are green in spring and summer, turning vibrant shades of yellow, orange, or red in the fall. In early spring, clusters of white or pale pink flowers emerge, adding beauty to the tree.
One of the notable features of the Saskatoon Serviceberry is its delicious berries. The berries are round, small, and resemble blueberries in appearance. They ripen to a purplish-black color and have a sweet flavor with a hint of tartness. They are commonly used in jams, pies, desserts, and other culinary creations.
In addition to its culinary value, the Saskatoon Serviceberry is valued for its ornamental attributes. The profusion of spring flowers, attractive foliage, and sometimes reddish or grayish bark make it an attractive choice for gardens and landscapes. It can be used as a specimen tree, in mixed borders, or as part of wildlife gardens.
The Saskatoon Serviceberry is adapted to a variety of soil types and prefers well-drained soil. It thrives in full sun to partial shade and is relatively low-maintenance. The tree is also known for its ecological benefits, attracting birds with its berries and providing habitat for various wildlife species.
Overall, Amelanchier alnifolia, or Saskatoon Serviceberry, is a versatile and visually appealing tree that offers ornamental beauty and edible berries. It is well-suited for gardens and landscapes, providing year-round interest, wildlife attraction, and culinary delights.