Acacia decurrens (Green Wattle Acacia) is a species of evergreen tree belonging to the genus Acacia. It is native to southeastern Australia, particularly in New South Wales and Victoria. The Green Wattle is known for its fast growth and adaptability to various soil types and climates.
The Green Wattle is a medium-sized tree that can reach heights of up to 10 to 20 meters (33 to 66 feet) at maturity. It has a spreading growth habit with a rounded or dome-shaped canopy. The bark is typically smooth and grayish-brown in color.
The foliage of the Green Wattle consists of bipinnate leaves, which means the leaves are divided into multiple pairs of leaflets. The leaflets are bright green in color and have a lanceolate or elongated shape. They give the tree a feathery and fern-like appearance.
During late winter or early spring, the Green Wattle produces clusters of small, globular yellow flowers. The flowers are densely packed and create a vibrant display. They are rich in nectar and attract bees, butterflies, and other pollinators.
The Green Wattle has both ornamental and practical uses. In landscaping, it is often planted for its attractive foliage and bright yellow flowers, which add color and texture to gardens. After flowering, the Green Wattle develops elongated seed pods that are initially green but turn dark brown as they mature. These seed pods contain small seeds and are typically curved or coiled in shape.
The Green Wattle is highly adaptable to various soil conditions and can tolerate both sandy and clay soils. It is relatively drought-tolerant once established and can withstand periods of dry conditions. It prefers full sun to partial shade for optimal growth.
In summary, Acacia decurrens, commonly known as Green Wattle or Early Black Wattle, is a medium-sized evergreen tree native to southeastern Australia. It features feathery, bright green foliage, clusters of yellow flowers, and has ornamental and practical uses in landscaping and agroforestry.
Botanical Name : Acacia decurrens
Common Name : Green Wattle Acacia
Height : 39 ft
Spread : 10- 15ft
Germination Info : Seed requires a scarification prior to sowing to break down the hard seed coat
Hardiness zone : 7-9
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 1,875