Abies sachalinensis (Sakhalin Fir) is a large evergreen coniferous tree belonging to the Pinaceae family. It is native to the island of Sakhalin in the Far East of Russia and also found in parts of northern Japan.
Appearance: Sakhalin fir is a large evergreen tree that can reach heights of 40 to 50 meters (130 to 160 feet) and has a conical shape. The bark is grayish-brown and develops furrows with age.
Needles: The needles are arranged spirally on the branches and are dark green in color. They are flat, needle-like, and measure around 2 to 4 centimeters (0.8 to 1.6 inches) in length. The needles have a glossy appearance and are typically pointed at the tip.
Cones: The cones of Abies sachalinensis are cylindrical and upright, measuring about 8 to 15 centimeters (3.2 to 6 inches) in length. They start off purple or green and mature to a brown color. Each cone contains numerous winged seeds.
Habitat: This fir species is adapted to cold temperate climates. It is commonly found in subalpine and montane forests, growing at elevations of 300 to 1,200 meters (980 to 3,940 feet) above sea level. It prefers moist, well-drained soils and is often associated with other conifers.
Uses: Sakhalin fir has economic importance as a timber tree. Its wood is used in construction, furniture making, and for pulp production. It is also planted as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens due to its attractive shape and foliage.
Overall, Abies sachalinensis, or Sakhalin fir, is a majestic coniferous tree native to Sakhalin Island and neighboring regions. Its tall stature, glossy green needles, and large cones make it an impressive species both in its natural habitat and as an ornamental tree.
Botanical Name : Abies sachalinensis
Common Name : Sakhalin Fir
Height : 100-150 ft
Spread : 10-12 ft
Germination Info : Seed require 60 days cold moist satisfaction
Hardiness zone : 3-6
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 3,750