RUDBECKIA triloba (Brown-Eyed Susan) is a herbaceous perennial plant native to North America. It is a member of the sunflower family (Asteraceae) and is known for its daisy-like flowers with prominent brown centers and bright yellow petals. Brown-Eyed Susan is valued for its vibrant blooms, long flowering period, and ability to attract pollinators.
Brown-Eyed Susan is a clump-forming perennial that typically grows to a height of 2 to 5 feet (60 to 150 cm) and has a spread of about 1 to 2 feet (30 to 60 cm). It has hairy stems and deeply lobed, lance-shaped leaves. The leaves are typically green and add an attractive texture to the plant. It thrives in full sun to partial shade and prefers well-drained soil. Brown-Eyed Susan is adaptable to a range of soil types and can tolerate dry conditions once established.
The flowers of Rudbeckia triloba are daisy-like, with a prominent dark brown or black central cone surrounded by bright yellow petals. The petals are elongated and slightly drooping. The flowers are pollinator-friendly and attract bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects. Brown-Eyed Susan typically blooms from midsummer to early fall, with the flowering period lasting for several weeks. The long-lasting flowers provide a burst of color in the garden and are attractive to both humans and pollinators.
Rudbeckia triloba is relatively easy to grow and is suitable for wildflower gardens, native plant landscapes, or naturalistic plantings. It prefers moderately fertile soil and benefits from regular watering, particularly during dry periods. It can be started from seeds or propagated through division.
Brown-Eyed Susan is often used in prairie-style plantings, wildflower meadows, or cottage gardens. Its vibrant flowers add a cheerful and eye-catching element to the landscape. It can be planted in mass plantings, mixed borders, or as a focal point in a garden bed. Additionally, the flowers can be used as cut flowers in floral arrangements.
Brown-Eyed Susan, with its charming brown centers and bright yellow petals, brings a vibrant and lively presence to gardens and landscapes. It supports pollinator populations and adds a touch of natural beauty to the environment.
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Scientific Name: Rudbeckia Triloba
Common Name: Brown-Eyed Susan
Plant Type: Annual
Native Range: Central and Eastern United States
Habitat: Open, Roadsides, Prairie, Meadows, Roadsides
Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
Blooming Season: Summer
Attracts: Beneficial Insects, Birds, Hummingbirds, Bees, Butterflies
Resistant: Deer, Drought, Rabbit
Characteristics: Dried Arrangements, Showy, Fragrant
Flower Color: Yellow
Water Requirement: Average
Soil Type: Moist but well-drained
Soil pH: Acidic, Alkaline, Neutral
Advantage: Low maintenance, Easy to grow
Uses: Medicinal uses, Snakebites, Burns, Open wounds, Swelling caused by worms