Nandina domestica (Heavenly Bamboo) is a species of flowering plant in the family Berberidaceae. Despite its common names, Nandina is not a true bamboo but rather a shrub native to eastern Asia, including China and Japan. It has been widely cultivated and naturalized in various parts of the world for its ornamental value.
Appearance: Heavenly Bamboo is an evergreen to semi-evergreen shrub that can reach heights of 4 to 8 feet (1.2 to 2.4 meters) with a spread of 2 to 4 feet (0.6 to 1.2 meters). It has multiple upright stems that are segmented and resemble bamboo canes, hence the common name. The leaves are pinnately compound, consisting of multiple leaflets arranged along the stem. The leaflets are glossy, lance-shaped, and usually have a reddish or bronze color when young, turning green as they mature.
Flowers: Nandina produces small, white flowers that are arranged in upright clusters called panicles. The flowers are borne at the ends of the stems and appear from late spring to early summer. They are often followed by small, spherical red berries that persist through fall and winter, adding ornamental interest to the shrub.
Berries: The red berries of Nandina domestica are a prominent feature of the plant and provide visual appeal, especially during the colder months. However, it's important to note that the berries are toxic to humans if ingested and can cause gastrointestinal discomfort.
Landscape use: Nandina domestica is widely used in landscaping for its attractive foliage, interesting growth habit, and year-round visual interest. It can be used as a specimen plant, in mass plantings, as a hedge, or in mixed borders. The colorful foliage and persistent berries make it particularly appealing for adding visual appeal to winter landscapes.
Overall, Nandina domestica, or Heavenly Bamboo, is a popular ornamental shrub known for its bamboo-like appearance, colorful foliage, and persistent berries.