Basil, Amelia (Ocimum basilicum) is a popular culinary herb that is widely used for its aromatic leaves. It belongs to the Lamiaceae family and is native to tropical regions of Asia, particularly India. Basil is a tender annual herb, meaning it completes its life cycle within a single year.
Basil plants are known for their distinctive fragrance and flavor, which is often described as sweet, peppery, and slightly minty. The leaves of basil are the most commonly used part of the plant and can vary in size, shape, and color depending on the cultivar. The most common type of basil is the sweet basil, with large, green leaves that have a smooth texture.
Basil is easy to grow and is often cultivated in home gardens and culinary herb gardens. It requires a warm climate, well-drained soil, and plenty of sunlight. The plant typically grows to a height of 12 to 24 inches (30 to 60 cm) and produces small white flowers in late summer.
Apart from its culinary uses, basil has also been used for its medicinal properties in traditional medicine. It is believed to have anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antioxidant properties. However, it's important to note that scientific research on the medicinal benefits of basil is still ongoing.
Botanical name : Ocimum basilicum
Common name : Basil amelia
Life cycle : Annual
Days to maturity : 50-60
Light requirement : Full sun
Planting time : summer
Sowing method : Direct sow
Planting depth : ¼”
Plant spacing : 12”- 18”
ships : Year-round
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 20,000