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American Hazelnut - Filbert Corylus americana Seed Seeds - EDIBLE NUTS - Cold Hardy Zone 4 - 9

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Price:
$5.00
Weight:
0.10 LBS
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Product Description

Choose from:

Pkt. Size     –     10    Seeds   for        $5.00

4oz     –            110    Seeds   for       $40.00

½ LB  –           220+  Seeds   for       $80.00

1 LB   –           440+  Seeds   for     $120.00

 

American Hazelnut, (Filbert), Corylus americana, Seeds

Hardy, Adaptable, Edible Nuts, Fast Growth, Showy Flowers and Fruits, Showy Fall Colors, Wildlife Food/Shelter, Hedge, Cold Tolerant

 

American Hazelnut, native to Eastern North America, is a deciduous, rounded, multi-stemmed shrub which typically grows 8 to 16 feet tall and occurs statewide in dry or moist thickets, woodlands and wood margins, valleys, uplands and prairies. Plants are Monoecious (separate male and female flowers on the same plant). In spring, male flowers appear in showy, 2 to 3 inch long, yellowish brown catkins and female flowers appear in small, reddish, inconspicuous catkins. Female flowers give way to small, egg-shaped, 1/2 inch long, edible nuts maturing July-August which are encased in leafy, husk-like, ragged-edged bracts. Nuts are similar in flavor to the European filbert and may be roasted and eaten or ground into flour. Fall color is quite variable, ranging from attractive combinations of orange, rose, purplish red, yellow and green to undistinguished, dull yellowish green.

 

Hazelnuts are best kept by shelling and then freezing. Hazelnuts are a delicious nut for fresh eating, roasted, ground into a paste or as toppings in chocolate and ice cream. The hazelnut is both tasty and healthy. It is high in vitamins A, E, and the B group.

Hazelnuts are easy to grow: plant two for cross-pollination and abundant crops will come quickly.
With a maximum height of 16 feet and near infinite replication spread, this plant is best grown where it can spread outwards, such as natural areas, windbreak plantings and wildlife shelters. The Hazelnut is attractive to all nut-eaters (e.g., chipmunks) because it is prolific, the kernel is easily accessible. The blue jay, ruffed grouse and some woodpeckers enjoy Hazelnuts.

In history the filbert is commonly known as the "hazel," and has all sorts of superstitious and romantic connotations. If you woo your chosen one beneath a hazel tree, you are assured of success. Forked hazel rods are (were) used by witches in various mystical or nefarious ways. The name "filbert" derives from the time of the nut's ripening: around August 22, which is St. Philibert's Day in England and France. Another etymology has it that "filbert" means "full beard, in reference to the nuts husk.


Leaf: Alternate, simple, with a doubly serrated margin, broadly oval with a heart-shaped or rounded base, dark green above and paler below, 2 1/2 to 5 inches in length, petiole with stiff, glandular hairs.
Flower: Monoecious; males are light brown catkins (1 to 3 inch long) in clusters of two or three near branch tips, opening before leaves; females are inconspicuous with only bright red stigma and styles protruding from the otherwise gray-brown buds, appearing as short, thin, red threads, early spring.
Fruit: Edible brown nuts (1/2 inch diameter) enclosed in a hairy, leaf-like husk with ragged edges; initially green, ripening to a brown in late summer.
Twig: Slender, zigzag, light brown, with numerous stiff, red-glandular hairs; buds blunt, small with few scales, two-toned, light grayish brown with scales near base being darker brown.
Bark: Light grayish brown and smooth, later develops a mild criss-cross netted pattern

Zone: 4 to 9
Growth Rate: Fast
Plant Type: Large deciduous spreading shrub
Family: Betulaceae
Native Range: Eastern North America
Height: 10 to 16 feet
Spread: 8 to 13 feet
Shape: Upright shape with a rounded head.
Bloom Time: March-April
Bloom Color: Male – Brown, Female - Red
Sun: Full Sun to Part Shade
Fall Color: Variable, ranging from attractive combinations of orange, rose, purplish red, yellow and green.
Drought Tolerance: Moderate
Water: Medium
Maintenance: Low
Site Requirements /Soil Tolerances: Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade.
Culture: Prompt removal of root suckers will help maintain plant appearance.
Uses: For edible nuts, Specimen, small groupings, difficult, dry sites, naturalistic areas, hedge.

Sowing Corylus americana Seeds:
For best results, please follow the instructions in the order provided.
Scarify:Soak in water for 24 hours
Stratify: Warm 30 days, then Cold 90-120 days, 40 Degrees F in a Moist Medium.
Germination: Sow 1” Deep
For more information about seed pretreatment and growing trees and shrubs from seed, please try the following link:
http://www.forestresearch.gov.uk/website/forestresearch.nsf/ByUnique/INFD-7F8AJ4

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