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California Fan Palm, Seeds - Washingtonia filifera - AKA desert fan palm Seed

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Price:
$3.00
Weight:
0.10 LBS
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Choose from:

     10       Seeds      for           $3.00 (Pkt. Size)

   100       Seeds      for         $18.00

   250       Seeds      for         $35.00

   500       Seeds      for         $50.00

1,000       Seeds      for         $85.00

 

 

 

California Fan Palm - Washingtonia filifera

 

Washingtonia filifera (common name desert fan palm) is a species of flowering plant in the palm family Arecaceae, native to southwestern North America. Growing to 15–20 m (49–66 ft) tall by 3–6 m (10–20 ft) broad, it is an evergreen tree with a sturdy columnar trunk and fan-shaped leaves.

 

Other common names include desert fan palm, California palm, fanpalm, petticoat palm, cotton palm, Arizona fan palm and California fan palm.

 

The specific epithet filifera means "thread-bearing".

 

Distribution

 

Washingtonia filifera is the only palm native to the Western United States, and the country's largest native palm (though most palms in Los Angeles and San Diego are specimens of the closely related and very similar W. robusta).

 

The primary populations are found in desert riparian habitats at spring-fed oases in the Colorado Desert (Low Desert) and throughout a major portion of the Mojave Desert. It has been introduced to watercourses in the Sonoran Desert along the Gila River in Yuma, along the Hassayampa River and near New River in Maricopa County, and in portions of Pima County, Pinal County, Mojave County (along the Colorado River) and several other isolated locations in Clark County, Nevada. It is also known in northern Baja California.  It is a naturalized species in the warm springs near Death Valley and in the extreme northwest of Sonora (Mexico), and also in Florida and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

 

As an ornamental tree it is cultivated in suitable temperate climates worldwide.

 

Description

 

Washingtonia filifera grows to 18 metres (59 ft) in height (occasionally to 25 metres (82 ft)) in ideal conditions.

 

The fronds are up to 3.5–4 metres (11–13 ft) long, made up of a petiole up to 2 metres (6.6 ft) long, bearing a fan of leaflets 1.5–2 metres (4.9–6.6 ft) long. They have long thread-like white fibers and the petiole are pure green with yellow edges and filifera-filaments, between the segments. The trunk is gray and tan and the leaves are gray green. When the fronds die they remain attached and drop down to cloak the trunk in a wide skirt. The shelter that the skirt creates provides a microhabitat for many small birds and invertebrates. If there is any red color present on petioles or trunk its not a pure filifera but a fila-busta hybrid.

 

Washingtonia filifera can live from 80 to 250 years or more.

 

Ecology

 

Fan palms provide a habitat for desert bighorn sheep, hooded oriole, Gambel's quail, coyotes, and a rare bat species Lasiurus xanthinus that is especially fond of W. filifera groves. Hooded orioles rely on the trees for food and places to build nests. Both hooded orioles and coyotes play an integral part in seed distribution.



Native Americans

 

The fruit of the fan palm was eaten raw, cooked, or ground into flour for cakes. The Cahuilla and related tribes used the leaves to make sandals, thatch roofs, and baskets. The stems were used to make cooking utensils. The Moapa band of Paiutes as well as other Southern Paiutes have written memories of using this palm's seed, fruit or leaves for various purposes including starvation food.



Cultivation

 

Washingtonia filifera is widely cultivated as an ornamental tree. It is one of the hardiest Coryphoidiae palms, rated as hardy to USDA hardiness zone 8. It will survive temperatures of −10 °C (14 °F) with minor damage, and established plants have survived, with severe leaf damage, brief periods as low as −12 °C (10 °F). The plants grow best in warm temperate climates with dry summers and wetter winters. Specimens outside of Mediterranean climates rarely exceed 15 metres (49 ft).

 

Washingtonia filifera has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.





 

Germination:

  1. Seeds Packets are labeled with seed name and sowing details.

  2. Seeds have not been pretreated unless specified in the listing.

  3. Due to the many factors involved in successful germination, Seller cannot be responsible for buyers growing methods or mistakes.

  4. I have provided what I believe to be a good overview on this page (which you are free to print for further reference), however, it is still recommended to check specialist literature for more details and practices specific to your climate and soil conditions to avoid mistakes in the germination and growing process.


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